If you migrated to Australia there are two main streams for obtaining Australian citizenship:
- Conferral (General eligibility); and You need to pass the Citizenship Test; or
- Conferral (Other situations).
Conferral - General eligibility:
On 12 September 2007 the Australian Parliament passed the Australian Citizenship Amendment Bill 2007, which meant that all people applying for Citizenship from 1 October 2007 on the basis of satisfying the general eligibility criteria, must pass a test before applying for citizenship. For more information about the test please see Citizenship Test.
Once you pass the test you can proceed to lodge a citizenship application so long as you meet the general eligibility requirements. To meet these requirements you must:
- 18 years or over at the time of application.
- Be a permanent resident and the time of application and time of decision.
- Satisfy the residence requirement.
- If you became a permanent resident on or after 1 July 2007:
- 12 months as a permanent resident; and
- absences from Australia of no more than 12 months, including no more than ninety (90) days in the 12 months before applying.
If you became a resident before 1 July 2007 and apply before 30 June 2010:
- must have been physically present in Australia as a permanent resident for a total of two years in the five years before applying, including one year in the two years before applying.
- Be likely to reside or continue to reside in Australia or to maintain a close and continuing association with Australia; and
- Be of good character.
There are some exceptions and discretions with regard to the residence requirement so you may choose to make an appointment with our office to ensure you are claiming all eligible days to make up the required period.
Conferral - Other situations:
You are not required to sit the test if you are:
- aged under 18 years; or
- aged over 60 years; or
- suffer from a permanent loss or substantial impairment of your hearing, speech or sight; or
- have permanent physical or mental incapacity meaning you are incapable of understanding the test.
You will still need to meet other requirements, dependent on your age, physical and mental ability as well as the country you were born in.
We would recommend that you make an appointment to discuss your situation with one of our Accredited Specialists, who can guide you in the type of application that best suits your circumstances.